Philosopher Kendall Walton argues that we can literally see through photographs in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy. 

Direct download: Kendall_Walton_on_Photography.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:24am EDT

Ancient and modern concepts of freedom differ. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast political philosopher Alan Ryan compares and contrasts ancient and modern concepts of freedom in conversation with Nigel Warburton. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Alan_Ryan_on_Freedom_and_Its_History_1.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 6:02am EDT

To celebrate the launch of our second Philosophy Bites book Philosophy Bites Back, we've released this special episode of the podcast. We asked a wide range of philosophers the question 'Who's your favourite philosopher?' We got a wider range of answers, but some patterns emerge.

Direct download: Whos_Your_Favourite_Philosopher_.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 1:25pm EDT

Are we purely physical beings? Is the mind or soul immaterial? These questions have vexed philosophers for millenia. Avicenna, born in the 10th Century, believed he had a thought experiment that showed that we are not purely physical beings, the Flying Man thought experiment. Peter Adamson explains in this interview with Nigel Warburton for the Philosophy Bites podcast. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Peter_Adamson_on_Avicennas_Flying_Man.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:40am EDT

Is conscious experience unified? A tricky question.  Philosopher of mind Tim Bayne investigates it in conversation with Nigel Warburton for this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Tim_Bayne_on_the_Unity_of_Consciousness.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 4:59pm EDT

An important aspect of understanding morality is accurate description of what happens when people make moral judgments. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast Nigel Warburton talks to psychologist and philosopher Liane Young about her experiments designed to shed light on moral intentions. 

Direct download: Liane_Young_on_Mind_and_Morality.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:30am EDT

How should we treat animals? Jeremy Bentham argued that we should weigh animal suffering in our moral decision making, and Peter Singer's concept of speciesism is a modern version of that utilitarian approach. Gary L. Francione argues that philosophers like Peter Singer who focus on animal welfare have not gone far enough: what matters is that we shouldn't use animals at all. He calls his approach abolitionism. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Gary_Francione_on_Animal_Abolitionism.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 8:31am EDT

Richard Sorabji discusses Mahatma Gandhi's philosophy of non-violence in this the 200th episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Richard_Sorabji_on_Mahatma_Gandhi_as_Philosopher.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:33am EDT

How can we talk about things that don't exist? Tim Crane explores this question in conversation with Nigel Warburton in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Tim_Crane_on_Non-Existence.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 1:37pm EDT

Consciousness of pain may seem straightforward, but as Michael Tye shows, in conversation with Nigel Warburton, a number of philosophical questions arise from the experience of pain. The Philosophy Bites podcast series is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Michael_Tye_on_Pain.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 3:50pm EDT

What is free will and why should we care about it? Daniel C. Dennett addresses these questions in a wide-ranging Philosophy Bites interview with Nigel Warburton. Philosophy Bites is made in association with The Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Daniel_Dennett_on_Free_Will_Worth_Wanting.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 3:49am EDT

Can science give us any insight into morality? In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast, originally released on Bioethics Bites, neurophilosopher Patricia Churcland argues that it can. Bioethics Bites is made in association with the Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics with a grant from the Wellcome Institute.

Direct download: Patricia_Churchland_on_What_Neuroscience_Can_Teach_Us_About_Morality.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 5:38pm EDT

Is it true that words can't harm you? What about hate speech? In the US the First Amendment protects a wide range of free expression, far wider than  is tolerated, for instance, in the United Kingdom. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast Rae Langton discusses the phenomenon of hate speech and some of the moral questions it gives rise to. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Rae_Langton_on_Hate_Speech.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 3:06pm EDT

Can moral decision-making be affected by chemical means? And if so, should we use drugs for this purpose? Molly Crockett's research in this area is the basis of this Philosophy Bites interview which was originally released on Bioethics Bites and made in association with the Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics and with a grant from the Wellcome Institute.


Effects can't precede their causes, can they? The direction of causation is forwards not backwards. But this common belief doesn't mesh with every aspect of contemporary physics. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast Huw Price discusses the counterintuitive idea that retro-causation might occur. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Huw_Price_on_Backward_Causation.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 1:53pm EDT

Does a diagnosis of personality disorder exempt an individual from moral responsibility? Hanna Pickard discusses this question with Nigel Warburton in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast. This episode was originally released on Bioethics Bites which was made in association with the Uehiro Centre with a grant from the Wellcome Trust.

Direct download: Hanna_Pickard_on_Responsibility_and_Personality_Disorder.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 2:11pm EDT

Is morality a matter of applying general principles? Jonathan Dancy, a moral particularist, thinks not. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast he defends moral particularism in conversation with Nigel Warburton. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Jonathan_Dancy_on_Moral_Particularism.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 5:24am EDT

Can it ever be acceptable to sell human body parts. Tim Lewens discusses this increasingly pertinent moral question with Nigel Warburton. This episode of the  Philosophy Bites podcast was originally released on Bioethics Bites and made in association with the Uehiro Centre with a grant from the Wellcome Trust.

Direct download: Tim_Lewens_on_Selling_Organs_originally_on_Bioethics_Bites.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 5:32am EDT

Is free market fairness an oxymoron? John Tomasi, author of Free Market Fairness, argues that economic freedom and social justice are compatible. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast he explains his position in conversation with Nigel Warburton. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: John_Tomasi_on_Free_Market_Fairness.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 10:30am EDT

How should health resources be distributed? Jonathan Wolff discusses this and related questions in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast. This episode was originally released on Bioethics Bites in association with the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics and made possible by a grant from the Wellcome Trust

Direct download: Jonathan_Wolff_on_Political_Bioethics_3.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:09pm EDT

Should morality be immune from luck? It seems so. Yet outcomes beyond participants' control seem to affect our judgements of culpability. Fiery Cushman, a psychologist in the area of experimental philosophy (x-phi), has been investigating the phenomenon of moral luck and our apparently conflicting judgements about culpability and luck. In this interview with Nigel Warburton for the podcast Philosophy Bites he discusses his research on conflicting moral intuitions about outcomes, intentions, wrongness, culpabiity and punishment. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Fiery_Cushman_on_Moral_Luck.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 11:03am EDT

Trust is crucial in areas of medicine and health. But what sort of explicit consent should doctors obtain before medical treatment? Onora O'Neill discusses the place of trust in areas of bioethics with Nigel Warburton in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast (originally on Bioethics Bites, a series made in association with the  Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics and made possible by a grant from the Wellcome Trust).

Direct download: Onora_ONeill_on_Trust_originally_on_Bioethics_Bites.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 2:06pm EDT

Some recent research in neuroscience seems to point to the conclusion that free will is an illusion. That's certainly the conclusion that some have drawn. But Adina Roskies is sceptical. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast she explains to David Edmonds why she thinks that that conclusion isn't supported by the facts. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Adina_Roskies_on_Neuroscience_and_Free_Will.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 8:05am EDT

Are we systematically biases against changing the status quo? It seems that we are. In this interview, originally released as part of the Bioethics Bites series, Nick Bostrom discusses this tendency and its implications when it comes to making decisions about cognitive enhancement. Bioethics Bites is made in association with the Oxford University Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics and made possible by a grant from the Wellcome Trust.

Direct download: Nick_Bostrom_on_the_Status_Quo_Bias.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:07pm EDT

Could everything that exists have experiences? Is there something that it is like to be an electron? This sounds unlikey on first hearing, but in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast Galen Strawson argues in conversation with Nigel Warburton, that panpsychism is the best explanation of how things are. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Galen_Strawson_on_Panpsychism.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:41am EDT

How should doctors, patients and family make end of life decisions? Peter Singer explores questions about euthanasia, abortion and autonomy in conversation with Nigel Warburton in this bonus episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast (originally released on Bioethics Bites). This episode was made as part of Bioethics Bites in association with the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics and made possible by a grant from the Wellcome Trust.

Direct download: Peter_Singer_on_Life_and_Death_Decision-Making.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 3:39am EDT

What is republicanism? In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast Philip Pettit outlines the key features of this important strand in political philosophy, one which has a continuing relevance today. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Philip_Pettit_on_Republicanism.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 4:50am EDT

Disagreement about moral status is at the heart of many issues in practical ethics. In this bonus episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast (originally released on Bioethics Bites) Jeff McMahan, in conversation with Nigel Warburton, explores some of the questions surrounding the status of a human foetus, non-human animals, and those in persistent vegative states. Biothethics Bites is made in association with the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics and made possible by a grant from the Wellcome Trust.

Direct download: Jeff_McMahan_on_Moral_Status_originally_on_Bioethics_Bites.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 12:46pm EDT

What is the point of studying philosophy's past? Is it just to learn about the history of ideas? Is there something special about the history of philosophy that makes it different from the history of other subjects? Adrian Moore, author of a new book on the history of philosophy, The Evolution of Modern Metaphysics, discusses these questions with Nigel Warburton in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Adrian_Moore_on_Philosophy_and_Its_History.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 5:26am EDT

Is it ethical to select advantageous genes and select against disadvantageous genes when having babies? Julian Savulescu, Director of the Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics in Oxford, discusses this question with Nigel Warburton. This bonus episode was originally made for Bioethics Bites in association with the Uehiro Centre and made possible by a grant from the Wellcome Trust.

Direct download: Julian_Savulescu_on_Designer_Babies_originally_on_Bioethics_Bites.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 6:48am EDT

Do recent discoveries in neuroscience threaten the notion of moral responsibility? Could we have moral responsibility without full consciousness of the significance of our actions? Neil Levy discusses these questions in conversation with Nigel Warburton for this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Neil_Levy_on_Moral_Responsibility_and_Consciousness.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 5:29pm EDT

Is liberty compatible with equality? Many philosophers think it can't be, and that pluralism is the correct response. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast Ronald Dworkin argues that there is a fundamental unity of value. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Ronald_Dworkin_on_the_Unity_of_Value.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 3:56pm EDT

J. L. Austin, who died in 1960, was an immensely influential philosopher whose method involved precise scrutiny of ordinary language: the precise words, the contexts  in which they were uttered, and what people were doing by uttering them. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast Guy Longworth discusses the key features of Austin's approach. Philosophy Bites is made in associaton with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Guy_Longworth_on_J.L._Austin_and_Ordinary_Language.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 1:47pm EDT

Jeremy Bentham, legal reformer and philosopher, was an early Utilitarian. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast Nigel Warburton interviews Bentham scholar and head of the Bentham Project, Philip Schofield about Bentham's contribution to moral philosophy. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Philip_Schofield_on_Jeremy_Benthams_Utilitarianism.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 7:36am EDT

What is criminal responsibility? Is it a timeless concept, or does it have a historical aspect? Nicola Lacey addresses these questions in conversation with Nigel Warburton in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Nicola_Lacey_on_Criminal_Responsibility.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 10:05am EDT

Some atheists despise religion and ridicule it as absurd. In this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast Alain de Botton, author of Religion for Atheists, takes a more pragmatic line, arguing that atheists can learn a great deal from religion. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Alain_de_Botton.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 2:36am EDT

Metaphysics is the philosophical study of reality. But what does that mean in pratice, and what are the limits of what it can reveal? Kit Fine addresses the question 'What is Metaphysics?' in discussion with Nigel Warburton in this episode of the Philosophy Bites podcast. Philosophy Bites is made in association with the Institute of Philosophy.

Direct download: Kit_Fine_on_What_is_Metaphysics_.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 5:17pm EDT



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